Asklepiad, the Greek by nationality (lived at the end of the second and beginning of the first century BC), was the most famous of the doctors of that time. He zealously propagandized abstinence from food and drink, prescribed massage (kneading and rubbing the whole body), active and passive movements. The famous Roman writer Pliny wrote of him: “The simplicity of this teaching, the ease of its application serve as a sure guarantee of its truth; the approval he found for this teaching was so great that they looked at him as if he were the messenger of heaven. ”
Asklepiad divided the massage into dry and with oil, into strong and weak, long and short. He was the initiator of the creation of vibrational massage, recommending shaking. After nearly two thousand years, the famous French neuropathologist Charcot introduced tremors in order to lull and calm the nervous-excited people.
One of the great doctors in Rome after Asklepiad, who highly appreciated massage, was Cornelius Celsus. In the second book of his treatise On Medicine, he devotes a whole chapter to the importance of rubbing, including for mentally ill people. Celsus recommended massage for diseases of the liver, joints of the legs and arms, recovering.